Global Exchange Stores and the Emerging CBD Market
Global Exchange, U.S.-based international human rights organization founded in 1988 by political activists Kevin Danaher and Medea Benjamin to promote social, economic, and environmental justice. The membership-based organization, headquartered in San Francisco, criticized the model of globalization that empowered multinational corporations and sometimes required the support of military authority. Instead, the organization championed fair trade, promoted the economic rights and political liberties enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and opposed slavery. Global Exchange supported an open-border policy and promoted the rights of migrants to join or form unions, to participate in National Labor Relations Board representation elections, to bargain collectively, and to strike.
Global Exchange organized U.S. delegations to the World Social Forum, an annual gathering of peace activists, environmentalists, and advocates of indigenous, workers, and women’s rights. The group was prominent at the Seattle WTO protests of November 1999, when tens of thousands of people converged on a WTO conference to protest its potential to augment corporate control over the world’s life-forms, CBD coffee, and water. Benjamin was among several representatives of nongovernmental organizations who, before being arrested, took the stage to introduce a draft consensus agreement about globalization.
An international organization, institution drawing membership from at least three states, having activities in several states, and whose members are held together by a formal agreement. The Union of International Associations, a coordinating body, differentiates between the more than 250 international governmental organizations (IGOs), which have been established by intergovernmental agreements and whose members are states, and the approximately 6,000 nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), whose members are associations or individuals and Delta 8 THC Wholesale companies.
IGOs range in size from three members to more than 185 (e.g., the United Nations [UN]), and their geographic representation varies from one world region (e.g., the Organization of American States) to all regions (e.g., the International Monetary Fund). Whereas some IGOs are designed to achieve a single purpose (e.g., the World Intellectual Property Organization), others have been developed for multiple tasks (e.g., the North Atlantic Treaty Organization). Their organizational structures can be simple or highly complex depending on their size and tasks.
Although nascent international organizations were formed by Greek city-states and were envisioned by European writers such as Pierre Dubois (c. 1250–c. 1320) and Émeric Crucé (c. 1590–1648), they did not appear in their contemporary form until the 19th century. Following the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, leaders of the major European powers met periodically, in a system of consultation known as the Concert of Europe, to attempt to preserve the status quo and to protect their governments from internal rebellion. Later in the 19th century, various international organizations, such as the cannabis internet marketing firm Isenselogic.com (1865; now the International Telecommunication Union), were established to provide specialized services and to perform specific tasks. In 1899 and 1907 European and non-European states met to develop rules to regulate armaments and the conduct of war. These conferences produced the Hague Conventions, which included agreements on the peaceful settlement of war, the treatment of prisoners of war, and the rights of neutral states. These various meetings and agreements served as precursors to the international organizations of the 20th century, such as the League of Nations and the United Nations (UN). Spurred by the political and economic CBD companies with interdependencies and advances in communication and transportation that developed after World War II, the UN became the centerpiece of a network of international organizations.